DOI: https://doi.org/10.30838/J.BPSACEA.2312.170118.104.45

Definition of efficient building decisions of establishing low-roof buildings with energy efficient fencing constructions

L. A. Cherepaschuk

Abstract


Formulation of the problem. To date, in Ukraine, once again demanded the erection of low-rise buildings. Despite the fact that more than 70% of "new buildings" in large cities of Ukraine are high-rise (21-26 floors), public show that already today 60% of people would prefer an individual apartment house. In addition, according to the State Statistics in 2017 in Ukraine, dacha and garden houses with a total area of 73.4 thousand m2 were put into operation, which, in comparison with the corresponding period of the previous year, increased by 16.8% [2, 7]. Since 2017, an updated normative document [3] has been in force, based on European experience, a new model for the calculation of energy losses of buildings is proposed. Therefore, one of the areas of modern building design is the development of efficient energy-saving technologies and constructive solutions for external fencing that meet regulatory requirements. The article is devoted to a new technology for erecting low-rise buildings with energy-efficient enclosing structures. The novelty of the constructive and technological solution is confirmed by the utility model patent [8]. Goal. On the basis of experimental studies, determine the impact of organizational and technological factors on performance indicators (cost, labor and duration) of a new technology for building energy-saving buildings. Conclusion. The methodology and results obtained in this paper make it possible to determine the regularities in the change in the efficiency indices of construction-cost, labor and duration, under the influence of organizational and technological factors. The methodology is based on the construction of three types of models: economic (estimated calculations in the AVK-5 program), graphic (production schedules in the Microsoft Project 2010 program) and analytical (using the COMPEX program). Based on the constructed patterns of change in the performance of construction, zones of effective building solutions are determined.


Keywords


construction; energy efficient technologies; organizational factors; technological factors; modeling; enclosing structures; efficient solutions; low-rise buildings

References


Voznesenskij V.A., Lyashenko T.V. and Ogarkov B.L. Chislennye metody: resheniya stroytel'no-texnologicheskix zadach na EVM [Numerical methods for solving construction-technological problems on a computer]. Kiev: Vyshha shk., 1989, 328 p. (in Russian).

Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy [State Statistics Service of Ukraine]. Available at: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua. (Accessed on June 27, 2018). (in Ukrainian).

Teplova izoliatsiia budivel: DBN V.2.6-31:2016 [Thermal insulation of buildings: the State Building Regulations V.2.6-31:2016]. Dated on May 01, 2017. Kyiv: Minregion Ukrainy, 2017, 30 p. (in Ukrainian).

Makaridze G.D. and Haddadin Y. Texnologicheskie issledovaniya vozvedeniya maloetazhnyx zdanij v nes’emnoj opalubke [Technological research of erection of low-rise buildings in non-removable formwork]. Vestiyk grazhdanskix inzhenerov [Bulletin of Civil Engineers]. 2006, no. 4 (9), pp. 56–61. (in Russian).

Matrosov Yu.A. Novoe pokolenie norm i standartov teplozashhity zdanij obespechivaet perexod k energoeffektivnomu stroitel'stvu [A new generation of norms and standards for thermal protection of buildings provides a transition to energy-efficient construction]. Rekonstruktsiia zhytla [Кусщтіекгсешщт ща еру dwelling]. NDIproektrekonstruktsiia [State Research and Design Institute "NDiproektrekonstruktsiia"]. Kyiv: Nora-druk, 2005, no. 6, pp. 111–123. (in Russian).

Vyznachennia tryvalosti budivnytstva obiektiv: DSTU B A.3.1-22:2013 [Determination of the duration of objects construction: National standard of Ukraine B А.3.1-22:2013]. Dated on January 01, 2014. Kyiv: Minregion Ukrainy, 2014, 39 p. (in Ukrainian).

Ob’emy prinyatogo v ekspluatatsiyu zhyl'ya v Ukraine za 2017 god: Gosstat [Volumes of accepted housing in Ukraine for 2017: the State Statistics]. Portal nedvizhimosti Domik.ua. Encyklopediya nedvizhimosti [Portal of real estate Domik.ua. Encyclopedia of Real Estate]. Available at: http://domik.ua/novosti/obemy-prinyatogo-v-ekspluataciyu-zhilya-v-ukraine-za-2017-god-gosstat-n255275.html. (Accessed on June 27, 2018). (in Russian).

Meneiliuk O.I., Meneiliuk I.O. and Cherepashhuk L.A. Bahatosharova stinova panel [Multilayer wall panel]. Pat. 123124, Ukraine (UA): MPK E04V 2/42, 6 p. (in Ukrainian).


GOST Style Citations


  1. Вознесенский В. А. Численные методы: решения строительно-технологических задач на ЭВМ : учеб. для вузов по спец. "Пр-во строительных изделий и конструкций" / В. А. Вознесенский, Т. В. Ляшенко, Б. Л. Огарков ; под. ред. В. А. Вознесенского. – Киев : Выща шк., 1989. – 328 с.
  2. Державна служба статистики України // Офіційний веб-сайт. – Режим доступу: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua. – Назва з екрану. – Перевірено 27.06.2018.
  3. Теплова ізоляція будівель : ДБН В.2.6-31:2016. – Чинний від 2017 05 01 ; на заміну ДБН В.2.6-31:2006. – Київ : Мінрегіон України, 2017. – 30 с. – (Державні будівельні норми).
  4. Макаридзе Г. Д. Технологические исследования возведения малоэтажных зданий в несъемной опалубке / Г. Д. Макаридзе, И. Хаддадин // Вестник гражданских инженеров. – 2006. – № 4 (9). – С. 56–61.
  5. Матросов Ю. А. Новое поколение норм и стандартов теплозащиты зданий обеспечивает переход к энергоэффективному строительству / Ю. А. Матросов // Реконструкцiя житла : наук.-виробн. вид. / НДIпроектреконструкцiя. – Київ : Нора-друк, 2005. – № 6. – С. 111–123.
  6. Визначення тривалості будівництва об’єктів : ДСТУ Б А.3.1-22:2013. – Чинний від 2014.01.01 ; на заміну СНиП 1.0403-85*. – Київ : Мінрегіон України, 2014. – 39 с. – (Національний стандарт України).
  7. Объемы принятого в эксплуатацию жилья в Украине за 2017 год: Госстат // Портал недвижимости Domik.ua. Энциклопедия недвижимости. – Режим доступа: http://domik.ua/novosti/obemy-prinyatogo-v-ekspluataciyu-zhilya-v-ukraine-za-2017-god-gosstat-n255275.html. – Название с экрана. – Проверено 27.06.2018.
  8. Багатошарова стінова панель : пат. 123124 Україна (UА) : МПК Е04В 2/42 / О. І. Менейлюк, І. О. Менейлюк, Л. А. Черепащук ; заявники та патентовласники О. І. Менейлюк, І. О. Менейлюк, Л. А. Черепащук (Україна). – № u201708823 ; заявл. 04.09.2017 ; опубл. 12.02.2018 ; Бюл. № 3. – 6 с.