The main modern traffic simulation tools

Yur. I. Zakharov, E. S. Karnaukh


Problem statement. Managing the vehicle flow is a serious problem nowadays. It is a questionable task because of the number of parameters needed to be taken into account.

Analyzing of the resent research. Attempts to produce a mathematical theory of traffic flow date back to the 1920s, when Frank Knight first produced an analysis of traffic equilibrium, which was refined into Wardrop's first and second principles of equilibrium in 1952.

A lot of scientists all over the world such as R. Kartabaev, V. Syl'yanov, F. Kheyta, D. Dryu et al. we’re working on the problem of traffic control. However, their research was being conducted long ago. In the modern world the new software has been developed to make the traffic flow managing process easier. The existing simulation tools are divided into two: macro– and micromodels.

Research objective. The aim of the article is to classify main modern traffic simulation tools and give the description of them. The author characterises the main steps to be done for traffic flow estimation and control.

Conclusions. Even with the advent of significant computer processing power, nowadays there has been no satisfactory general theory that can be consistently applied to real traffic flow conditions. Current traffic models use a mixture of empirical and theoretical techniques. These models are then developed into traffic forecasts, to take account of proposed local or major changes, such as increased vehicle use, changes in land use or changes in mode of transport, and to identify areas of congestion where the network needs to be adjusted.

A considerable quantity of motor cars has recently appeared. Traffic phenomena are complex and nonlinear, depending on the interactions of a large number of vehicles. Due to the individual reactions of human drivers, vehicles do not interact simply following the laws of mechanics, but rather show phenomena of cluster formation and shock wave propagation, both forward and backward, depending on vehicle density in a given area. Some mathematical models in traffic flow make use of a vertical queue assumption, where the vehicles along a congested link do not spill back along the length of the link. Modern simulation tools description and classification is done in the main part. Due to the use simlicity, high adaptivity, qualitative modelling, the most used and popular tools are VISSIM, PARAMICS и AIMSUN. 


traffic simulation tools; optimization; analysis; urban aria; vehicle; the general plan of the city


Dryu D. Teoryya transportnykh potokov y upravlenye ymy / D. Dryu – M. : Transport, 1972.–424 s.

Ynose X. Upravlenye dorozhnym dvyzhenyem / X. Ynose, T. Khamada. – 1983. – 248 s.

Kartabaev R. S. Mashynnaya ymytatsyya dvyzhenyya transportnykh potokov dlya proektyrovanyya avtomobyl'nykh doroh v hornoy mestnosty / R. S. Kartabaev, V. A. Eremyn. – Frunze: Ylym, 1982. – 330 s.

Panasyuk Y. S. Ahentnoe mykroskopycheskoe modelyrovanye transportnykh potokov v COS.SIM // Materyaly konferentsyy «Matematycheskoe modelyrovanye transportnykh potokov». – MFTY, Dolhoprudnyy. – 2011.

Serheeva K. F. Analyz y optymyzatsyya transportnykh potokov s pomoshch'yu modelyrovanyya / Sayt Mezhdunarodnoy molodezhnoy shkoly-semynara «BYKAMP: Budushchee Ynformatyky, Kosmycheskoho, Avyatsyonnoho y Medytsynskoho Pryborostroenyya». – 2013.

Syl'yanov V. V. Teoryya transportnykh potokov v proektyrovanyy doroh y orhanyzatsyy dorozhnoho dvyzhenyya / V. V. Syl'yanov. – M.: Transport, 1983. – 424 s.

Chvanov V. V. Uchet povedenyya vodyteley pry otsenke urovnya bezopasnosty dorozhnoho dvyzhenyya // Mezhdunarodnyy nauchno-tekhnycheskyy zhurnal Nauka y tekhnyka v dorozhnoy otrasly. – Orhan Mezhpravytel'stvennoho soveta dorozhnykov SNH, Mezhdunarodnoho Foruma Dorozhnykh Nauchno-Yssledovatel'skykh Orhanyzatsyy – «YNTERDORNYO – IFRRI» y Moskovskoho avtomobyl'no-dorozhnoho ynstytuta MADY-HTU, 2009. – № 3 – S. 9—50.

Kheyt F. Matematycheskaya teoryya transportnykh potokov. Monohrafyya po teoryy transportnykh potokov / F. Kheyt. – M. : Myr, 1966. – 288 s.

Yatskyv Y. V. Yspol'zovanye vozmozhnostey ymytatsyonnoho modelyrovanyya dlya analyza transportnykh uzlov [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhym dostupa:

Jaime Barcelу, Jordi Casas. Dynamic network simulation with AIMSUN / Dept. of Statistics and Operations Research, Universitat Politиcnica de Catalunya. – Barcelona, Spain. – 2013.

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Web Site [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhym dostupa:

Professor Moshe Ben-Akiva. Installation instructions for MITSIMLab. – Intelligent Transportation Systems Lab 1–181, Cambridge, MA 02139. – 2010.

VISSIM 4.0 [user manual] Visual Solutions Inc, 487 Groton Road, Westford, MA 01886. 2010 – 494 s.

Paramics Technical Report [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhym dostupa: http://

GOST Style Citations

Дрю Д. Теория транспортных потоков и управление ими / Д. Дрю. – М. : Транспорт, 1972. – 424 с.


Иносэ X. Управление дорожным движением / X. Иносэ, Т. Хамада. – 1983. – 248 с.


Картабаев Р. С. Машинная имитация движения транспортных потоков для проектирования автомобильных дорог в горной местности / Р. С. Картабаев, В. А. Еремин. – Фрунзе : Илим, 1982. – 330 с.


Панасюк Я. С. Агентное микроскопическое моделирование транспортных потоков в COS.SIM // Матер. конф. «Математическое моделирование транспортных потоков». – МФТИ, Долгопрудный. – 2011.


Сергеева К. Ф. Анализ и оптимизация транспортных потоков с помощью моделирования / Сайт Междунар. молод. школы-семинара «БИКАМП: Будущее Информатики, Космического, Авиационного и Медицинского Приборостроения«. – 2013.


Сильянов В. В. Теория транспортных потоков в проектировании дорог и организации дорожного движения / В. В. Сильянов. – М. : Транспорт, 1983. – 424 с.


Чванов В. В. Учет поведения водителей при оценке уровня безопасности дорожного движения // Междунар. науч.-техн. журн. «Наука и техника в дорожной отрасли». – Орган Межправит. совета дорожников СНГ, Междунар. форума дорожных науч.-исслед. организаций – «ИНТЕРДОРНИО – IFRRI» и Моск. автомоб.-дорож. ин-та МАДИ-ГТУ, 2009. – № 3 – С. 9—50.


Хейт Ф. Математическая теория транспортных потоков : моногр. по теории транспортных потоков / Ф. Хейт. – М. : Мир, 1966. – 288 с.


Яцкив И. В. Использование возможностей имитационного моделирования для анализа транспортных узлов [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа:


Jaime Barcelу, Jordi Casas. Dynamic network simulation with AIMSUN / Dept.of Statistics and Operations Research, Universitat Politиcnica de Catalunya. – Barcelona, Spain. – 2013.


The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Web Site [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа:


Professor Moshe Ben-Akiva. Installation instructions for MITSIMLab. – Intelligent Transportation Systems Lab 1–181, Cambridge, MA 02139. – 2010.


VISSIM 4.0 [user manual] Visual Solutions Inc, 487 Groton Road, Westford, MA 01886. 2010. – 494 с.


Paramics Technical Report [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа: http://


  • There are currently no refbacks.