features of architectural and planning adaptation of profitabel houses of ekaterinoslav for modern conditions

T. A. Tsimbalova

Abstract


Problem statement. Since the second half of the eighteenth century in big cities of Europe and the Russian Empire, the profitable houses were spread (housing to rent). Ekaterinoslav had become the biggest metallurgical center of monopoly by XX century, the highest population growth rates and mass construction of profitable houses was fixed.[3, 13]. Today these last profitable buildings make up more than 80 % of the historical buildings of Dnepropetrovsk. Nowadays the predominant part of profitable houses has the various combinatorics of residential and public functions. The use of them carry out on incidental chats , besides  qualitative and quantitative indicators in the most cases with operating norms and rules are not reconciled. There is a necessity for realization of estimation of resources of profitable houses with the purpose of their further use, that was the reason  for actuality of this article.  Aim. Development of features of an architectural and planing  adaptation of building of profitable houses with complex study of factors of their forming in the structure of historical block and in the context of classifications for modern terms.  Analyzing of the resent research. Authors’ studies devoted to profitable houses, legal aspects in history of profitable houses  are considered [4], market formation mechanism of lease of property, with determination of the main tendencies of development with analysis of socio-economic conditions  [7, 15],the main demands to re-equipment of profitable houses for  modern conditions [6], the demand for housing of profitable houses[16], features of blocks of historical buildings, , restoration and adaptation of architectural monuments to modern functions [14]  However, questions concerning the classification of the characteristics of town planning, functional and planning, structural, architectural, and other parameters were not shown. The creation of comparative and new classifications of buildings for development of ways of adaptations of profitable houses to modern conditions is expedient and according to this the theme the present article was determined.           Conclude. On the basis of comparative analysis of historical and actual condition of buildings of profitable houses, the essential change on many classification positions of a study let to realize. Disparity of aged classification characteristics to modern building demands shown to dwelling surrounding are markers of further ways of profitable house use., New classifications of building of profitable houses were proposed, as well as adaptation variants to modern conjunctural directions in the context of the main architectural and town-planning and functional and planning classification parameters.


Keywords


profitable houses; monuments of architecture of local importance; valuable historical building; restoration of monuments of architecture; classification; adaptation

References


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