Ensuring ecological safety of the industrial region

V. N. Makarova, V. V. Hilyov

Abstract


Problem statement . The person is engaged in different types of activity throughout all life cycle, being in various spheres of existence: natural, production, social, household. Thus the person constantly interacts with habitat, being the integral component of natural environment. People change environment in the process of their activity and influence on its natural dynamic balance negatively often. Technological processes of modern production pollute environment of the dust, gas and thermal emissions, industrial drains, electromagnetic fields ionizing and noise radiations, other physical and chemical negative factors. Such influence of the person on environment has an adverse effect on course of its fundamental laws of development and ecological equilibrium and mankind is conducted to environmental disaster as a result [3]. For finding of optimum ways of improvement of quality of life it is necessary to carry out a comprehensive assessment of impact of various factors on process of activity of the person. Purpose. On the basis of system and quantitative approach to an assessment of a large number of private factors which influence on quality and population’s life activity and its health as measure of optimum compliance of biological and social abilities and needs of the person, to carry out an assessment of quality and person’s life activity safety in an urban environment. Health acts as the most important condition of further development of society, efficiency and quality of work. This problem got the reflection in scientific literature [1; 9], but we would like to stop on such factors as noise pollution because of motor transport and also influence of the industrial enterprises working in city line because they influence in the greatest way on cities inhabitans’s life quality. Conclusion. The examined area of the territory on the main Elektrometallurgov Street with farmstead building and where the PAO “Nikopol Plant of Ferroalloys” city-forming enterprise is placed ,19,6 % of the population of the main territory live in a noise pollution zone of excess of admissible noise level according to indicator “Noise poluttion of the main of territories because of motor transport”. The received assessment corresponds to criterion is completely suitable according to indicator “Pollution of the soil”. On the basis of the received assessment it is possible to recommend application of noise-protective actions, such as screens, noise-protective strips of green plantings and to use dump slags of ferroalloy production for production of construction materials which will promote improvement of a state of environment and consequently to promote increase of an indicator of QSPLA.


Keywords


ecological safety; quality life of activity; motor transport; noise pollution; pollution of soil

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