Features in realization of public functions in the spatial structure of city centers

A. E. Potapov, G. G. Salo

Abstract


Problem statement. Changed characteristics and parameters in organization of public functions, over the past years, have created preconditions for high-quality reorganization of the spatial-planning structure of city centers. The influence of external  factors on the development of the material and spatial environment, and formation of problematic aspects of the spatial structure of city centers, make it necessary to find new forms in organization of multifunctional public space.

Purpose. Determine current levels and forms of the spatial implementation of public functions and problematic aspects associated with their organization.

Statement of the basic material. The citywide functions are supposed to separate  on  fixed, periodic and temporary by the nature of the spatial implementation and the lifetime. Stationary character consists of fixed in space functions that are result of the morphology of space or any function brought by one or a group of functional objects in space. The periodic character defined by functions  arising  with some frequency and lifetime. The temporary nature constits of citywide functions related to implementation of irregular events or dedicated to specific calendar dates. Along with the character of the spatial implementation, the public functions have a gradation in territorial power of the organization. There are the following power levels: a) local  exists in a certain area of space or related to functional element bringing a function in space with a certain coefficient, b) dispersed in the plane of the whole spatial object, c) the power level of function that can take several spatial objects spread between them. With current implementation parameters of public functions there are defined three main vectors in problems of the spatial structure of the city centers: functional, compositional and planning, normative resource.

Conclusion. Formed dynamics takes part  in conflict with the existing material and spatial environment of the city in the forms and levels of spatial implementation of public functions and, accordingly, causes the  conflicts of  balanced functional saturation of the spatial structure of the city centers. A degree of inertia is noted, characterizing by backlog of material and spatial environment of the city centers with regard to the level of the tasks imposed by changed quality of public functions.


Keywords


multifunctional public space; city center; functional-planning structure; spatial implementation of public functions; material and spatial environment

References


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