Carbon-containing composites based on metals

V. E. Vaganov


Problem statement  Among the developed technologies metal-composites production,a special place takes powder metallurgy, having fundamental differences from conventionally used foundry technologies. The main advantages of this technology are: the possibility of sensetive control, the structure and phase composition of the starting components, and ultimately the possibility of obtaining of bulk material in nanostructured state with a minimum of processing steps. The potential reinforcers metals include micro and nano-sized oxides, carbides, nitrides, whiskers. The special position is occupied with carbon nanostructures (CNS): С60 fullerenes, single-layer and multi-layer nanotubes, onions (spherical "bulbs"), nano-diamonds and graphite,their properties are being intensively studied in recent years. These objects have a high thermal and electrical conductivity values, superelasticity, and have a strength approximate to the theoretical value, which can provide an obtaining composite nanomaterial with a unique set of physical and mechanical properties. In creation of a metal matrix composite nanomaterials (CM), reinforced by various CNS, a special attention should be given to mechanical activation processes (MA) already at the stage of preparation of the starting components affecting the structure, phase composition and properties of aluminum-matrix composites.

Purpose. To investigate the influence of mechanical activation on the structure and phase composition of aluminum-matrix composites.

Conclusion. The results of the study of the structure and phase composition of the initial and mechanically activated powders and bulk-modified metal-composites are shown, depending on the type and concentration of modifying varieties CNS, regimes of MA and parameters of compaction. The study is conducted of tribological properties of Al-CNS OF nanostructured materials.


structure; fullerene; aluminum; crystallites; mechanoactivation; carbides


Vaganov V.E., Zakharov V.D., Abramov D.V., Ratiev S.N., Ryabtsev A.D., Pashinskiy V.V. and Solov'eva L.A. Strukturoobrazovanie pri spekanii poroshkovykh materialov sistemy zhelezo-uglerodnye nanotrubki (nanovolokna) [Structure formation during sintering of powder materials of the iron-carbon nanotubes (nanowires)]. Materialovedenie [Material science]. 2011, no. 2, pp. 53-56. (in Russian).

Vaganov V.E., Shchetinin Yu.A., Astredinov V.M., Zakharov V.D. and Reshetnyak V.V. Issledovanie struktury i svoystv kompozitsionnykh materialov na osnove medi modifitsirovannoy uglerodnymi nanostrukturami posle deformatsionnoy i termicheskoy obrabotki [The study of the structure and properties of composite materials based on copper of modified carbon nanostructures after the deformation and heat processing]. Konstruktsii iz kompozitsionnykh materialov [Construction from compositional materioals]. 2013, no. 3(131), pp. 11-15. (in Russian).

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Kechin V.A. and Vaganov V.E. Osnovnye tendentsii sozdaniya nanostrukturirovannykh materialov [The main tendencies of creating nanostructured materials]. Metallurgiya i mashinostroenie [Metallorgy and mechanical engineering ]. 2010, no. 2, pp. 27-30. (in Russian).

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Baird T. Fryer J.R. and Grant B. Carbon formation on iron and nickel foils by hydrocarbon pyrolysis—reactions at 700°C. Carbon. 1974, vol. 12, iss. 5, pp. 591-602.

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Tibbets G. G. Carbon fibers produced by pyrolysis of natural gas in stainless steel tubes. Applied physics letters. 1983, vol. 42, pp. 666-667.

Tibbets G.G. Why are carbon filaments tubular? Journal of crystal growth. 1984, vol. 66, iss. 3, pp. 632-638.

Endo M. and Kroto W. Formation of carbon nanofibers. Journal of physical chemistry. 1992, vol. 96, pp. 6941-6944.

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Dai H., Wong E.W. and Lieber C.M. Probing electrical transport in nanomaterials: Conductivity of individual carbon nanotubes. Science. 1996, vol. 272, iss. 5261, pp. 523-526.

Vaganov V.E., Orlov V.Yu., Shibaev D.A. and Bazlov D.A. Khimicheskaya modifikatsiya uglerodnykh nanotrubok [Chemical modification of carbon nanotubes]. Izvestiya vuzov. Khimiya i khimicheskie tekhnologii [Proceedings of HEE. Chemistry and chemistry technologies]. 2011, vol. 54, no.7, pp. 38-41. (in Russian).

Vaganov V.E. and Kamanina N.V. Vliyanie uglerod-soderzhaschikh nano struktur na opticheskie i fizicheskie svoystva materialov vklyuchaya zhidkie kristally [The influence of carbon-containing nanostructures on the optical and physical properties of materials including liquid crystals]. Zhidkie kristally i ikh prakticheskoe ispol'zovanie [Liquid crystals and their practical use]. 2010, iss. no. 2, pp. 5-24. (in Rusian).

GOST Style Citations

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Endo M. Formation of carbon nanofibers / M. Endo, H. W. Kroto // Journal of physical chemistry. – 1992. – Vol. 96. – P. 6941-6944.


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Химическая модификация углеродных нанотрубок / Ваганов В. Е., Орлов В. Ю., Шибаев Д. А., Базлов Д. А. // Известия вузов. Химия и химические технологии. – 2011. – Т. 54, вып. 7. – С. 38-41.


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