Classification of anthropogenic transformations soils urboecosystems of Dnepropetrovsk

T. F. Yakovyshyna

Abstract


Raising of problem. The functioning of the city, as artificially created system of the result of the anthropogenic activity, promotes degradation and, sometimes, destruction of the environment, with change it to the technogenic replacement. First of all suffers the soil, as a basic component of any ecosystem, where the circulation of materials close, because it is a powerful biogeochemical barrier to their migration, able to deposit toxicants a long time through its protective functions. The leading role of the formation of the urban soil plays an anthropogenic factor, which is able to influence directly – the destruction of the soil profile due to construction activity and indirectly – with aerogenic or hydrogenous pollution xenobiotics contained in the emissions and discharges of the industrial enterprises; and it is determined by the type of economic use and history of area developing. The variabilityof using the urban soil is reflected in the soil profile and contributed to the creation of the organic-mineral layer by the mixing, mound, burial and (or) contamination of the different substances on the surface. Therefore, classification of the urban soils by the anthropogenic destruction degree of the soil profile is very important scientific and practical task for the urban ecology to the achievement standards of the ecological safety of the modern city, because the restoring of their protective functions is impossible without knowledge of the morphological structure.

Purpose. Classify the anthropogenical soils of city Dnipropetrovsk disturbed by the construction activities by the determining of the morphological characteristics of the soil profile structure with separation of the anthropogenic and technogenic surface formations compared to the zonal soil – ordinery chernozem.

Conclusion. Within urboecosystem city Dnipropetrovsk long-term human impact to the zonal soil – chernozem led to its transformation into urbanozem witch characterized as mixed (sanitary protection zone of the industrial enterprises), bulk (high-rise buildings) and agrogenic (private sector) types of the soil profile for the morphological structure. Separation of the technogenic surface formations made it possible to classify them according to the degradation of the soil type, origin, and chemical composition: organolitostrat of the naturfabrykat group – for mixed type with the chemical pollution; and urbikvazyzem – for bulk type of the urbanozem.


Keywords


urban ecosystems; soil profile; soil; transformation; construction activity

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