3D-printing of build objects

M. V. Savytskyi, S. V. Shatov, O. A. Ozhyshchenko

Abstract


Raising of problem. Today, in all spheres of our life we can constate the permanent search for new, modern methods and technologies that meet the principles of sustainable development. New approaches need to be, on the one hand more effective in terms of conservation of exhaustible resources of our planet, have minimal impact on the environment and on the other hand to ensure a higher quality of the final product. Construction is not exception. One of the new promising technology is the technology of 3D -printing of individual structures and buildings in general. 3D-printing - is the process of real object recreating on the model of 3D. Unlike conventional printer which prints information on a sheet of paper, 3D-printer allows you to display three-dimensional information, i.e. creates certain physical objects. Currently, 3D-printer finds its application in many areas of production: machine building elements, a variety of layouts, interior elements, various items. But due to the fact that this technology is fairly new, it requires the creation of detailed and accurate technologies, efficient equipment and materials, and development of common vocabulary and regulatory framework in this field.

Research Aim. The analysis of existing methods of creating physical objects using 3D-printing and the improvement of technology and equipment for the printing of buildings and structures.

Conclusion. 3D-printers building is a new generation of equipment for the construction of buildings, structures, and structural elements. A variety of building printing technics opens up wide range of opportunities in the construction industry. At this stage, printers design allows to create low-rise buildings of different configurations with different mortars.

The scientific novelty of this work is to develop proposals to improve the thermal insulation properties of constructed 3D-printing objects and technological equipment. The list of key terms and notions of construction by 3D-printing and 3D- modeling.

Practical value. Developed in this work equipment and materials allows in the nearest future to move from theory to practice and implement such effective method of construction as the technology 3D-printing.


Keywords


3D-printing; printer; printing head; extruder; energy-efficient materials; building

Full Text:

PDF

References


Khoshnevis B. Automated Construction by Contour Crafting-Related Robotics and Information Technologies. Au-tomation in Construction. 2004, vol. 13, iss. 1, pp. 5–19. Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926580503000736.

Lipson Н. and Kurman M. Fabricated. The New World of 3D Printing. Indiana: Wiley, 2013, 320 p.

Alwi A., Karayiannis S., Starkey B., Gardner M., Reodique K. and Varley Th. Contrucktion. MegaScale 3D Printing. Group 1. Final Report, 11th January 2013. Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences University of Surrey.. 201 p. Available at: http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Webb/MDDP/2012/Report/3D%20Building%20Printer%20%20Group%2 01.pdf.

Warszawski A. and Navon R. Implementation of Robotics in Building: Current Status and Future Prospects. Jour-nal of Construction Engineering and Management. 1998, vol. 124, іss. 1, pp. 31–41. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(1998)124:1(31).

Savitskii N.V., Kulichenko I.I., Benderskij E.B. and Novichenko N.V. Printsipy ekologicheskogo industrial'nogo stroitel'stva maloetazhnykh zhilykh zdanij [The principles of ecological industrial building low-rise residential build-ings]. Budіvelnі konstruktsіi [Building structures]. Derzh. n.-d. іn-t bud. konstruktsіi M-va regіon. rozvytku, bud-va ta zhitlovo-komun. gosp-va Ukrainy [State scientific research institute of building structures of Ministry of region development, construction and housing and utilities infrastructure of Ukraine]. Kyiv, 2013, iss. .77, pp. 72–76. (in Russian).

Kulichenko I.I., Savytskyi M.V, Skladanovska M.G, Benderskyj Yu.B. Teoretyko-metodologichni zasady rozrobky proektu suchasnogo ekoposelennia [Theoretical and methodological foundations of modern ecovillage development project]. Stroitel'stvo, materialovedenie, mashynostroenie [Construction, materials science, mechanical engineer-ing]. Prydnepr. akad. str-va i arhitektury [Prydniprovs’ka State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture]. Dnepropetrovsk, 2013, iss. 68, pp. 203–210. (in Russian).

Savitskii N.V., Panchenko N.V. Chumak Yu.G., Medgauz B.A. and Chernets V.A. Effektivnaya konstruktivno-tekhnologicheskaya sistema dlya stroitel'stva dostupnogo zhil'ya [Effective structural and technological system for affordable housing]. Stroitel'stvo, materialovedenie, mashynostroenie [Construction, materials science, mechanical engineering]. Prydnepr. akad. str-va i arhitektury [Prydniprovs’ka State Academy of Civil Engineering and Archi-tecture]. Dnepropetrovsk, 2013, iss. 68, pp. 355–357. (in Russian).

Evseeva G.P. Natsіonalno-іdeologіchnі zasadi ekobudіvnitstva v Ukrainі [The national and ideological principles of eco-construction in Ukraine]. Stroitel'stvo, materialovedenie, mashynostroenie [Construction, materials science, me-chanical engineering]. Prydnepr. akad. str-va i arhitektury [Prydniprovs’ka State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture]. Dnepropetrovsk, 2014, iss. 75, pp. 70–80. (in Ukrainian).

Konoplyanik A.Yu., Savitskii N.V., Sobinova N.V., Novichenko N.V. and Dashnor O. Legkie teploizolyatsionnye betony na osnove solomy zlakovykh kul'tur [Lightweight insulating concrete on the basis of straw cereals]. Stroitel'stvo, materialovedenie, mashynostroenie [Construction, materials science, mechanical engineering]. Prydnepr. akad. str-va i arhitektury [Prydniprovs’ka State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture]. Dne-propetrovsk, 2014, iss. 75, pp. 102–105. (in Russian).

Savytskyi M.V., Bondarenko O.I., Babenko M.M. and Benderskyi Yu.B. Options of sustainable development of region’s territory. Naukovyi visnyk Natsionalnogo hirnychogo universytetu [Scientific bulletin of National Mining University]. Dnipropetrovsk, 2015, no. 4, pp. 157–161.

Joop de Boer. Which Architect Is Winning The 3D Printing Rat Race?. Pop-Up City. 2014, 1 July. Available at: http://popupcity.net/which-architect-is-winning-the-3d-printing-rat-race/.


GOST Style Citations


Khoshnevis B. Automated Construction by Contour Crafting-Related Robotics and Information Technologies / Behrokh Khoshnevis // Automation in Construction. – 2004. – Vol. 13, iss. 1. – P. 5–19. – Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926580503000736.

 

Lipson Н. Fabricated. The New World of 3D Printing / Hod Lipson, Melba Kurman. – [Indiana] : Wiley, 2013. – 320 p.

  

«Contrucktion». MegaScale 3D Printing, Group 1 : Final Report, 11th January 2013 / Alwi A., Karayiannis S., Starkey B., Gardner M., Reodique K., Varley Th. ; Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences University of Surrey. – 2013. – 201 p. – Available at: http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Webb/MDDP/2012/Report/3D%20Building%20Printer%20-%20Group%201.pdf.

 

Warszawski A. Implementation of Robotics in Building: Current Status and Future Prospects / Warszawski A., Navon R. // Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. – 1998. –Vol. 124, іss. 1. – Р. 31–41. – Availa-ble at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(1998)124:1(31).

 

Принципы экологического индустриального строительства малоэтажных жилых зданий / Н. В. Савицкий, И. И. Куличенко, Е. Б. Бендерский, Н. В. Новиченко // Будівельні конструкції : міжвід. наук.-техн. зб. / Держ. н.-д. ін-т буд. конструкцій М-ва регіон. розвитку, буд-ва та житлово-комун. госп-ва України. – Київ, 2013. – Вип. 77. – С. 72–76

 

Теоретико-методологічні  засади  розробки проекту сучасного  екопоселення  /  І. І. Куліченко, М. В. Савицький, М. Г. Складановська, Ю. Б. Бендерський // Строительство, материаловедение, машино строение : сб. науч. тр. / Приднепр. акад. стр-ва и архитектуры. – Днепропетровск, 2013. – Вып. 68 : Созда ние высокотехнологических экокомплексов в Украине на основе концепции сбалансированного (устойчиво го) развития. – С. 203–210.

 

Н. В. Савицкий, Н. В. Панченко, Ю. Г. Чумак, Б. А . Медгауз, В. А. Чернец // Строительство, материаловеде-ние, машиностроение : сб. науч. тр. / Приднепр. акад. стр-ва и архитектуры. – Днепропетровск, 2013. – Вып. 68 : Создание высокотехнологических экокомплексов в Украине на основе концепции сбалансирован-ного (устойчивого) развития. – С. 355–357.

 

Євсєєва Г. П. Національно-ідеологічні засади екобудівництва в Україні / Г. П. Євсєєва // Строительство, материаловедение, машиностроение : сб. науч. тр. / Приднепр. гос. акад. стр-ва и архитектуры. – Днепропет-ровск, 2014. – Вып. 75 : Создание высокотехнологических экокомплексов в Украине на основе концепции сбалансированного (устойчивого) развития. – С. 70–80. 

 

Легкие теплоизоляционные бетоны на основе соломы злаковых культур / А. Ю. Конопляник,Н. В. Савицкий, К. С. Собинова, Н. В. Новиченко, Дашнор Окса // Строительство, материаловедение, маши-ностроение : сб. науч. тр / Приднепр. гос. акад. стр -ва и архитектуры. – Днепропетровск, 2014. – Вып. 75 : Создание высокотехнологических экокомплексов в Украине на основе концепции сбалансированного (ус-тойчивого) развития. – С. 102–105.

 

Options of sustainable development of region’s territory / M. V. Savytskyi, O. I. Bondarenko, M. M. Babenko, Yu. B. Benderskyi // Науковий вісник Національного гірничого університету : зб. наук. праць. – Дніпропетровсьвск, 2015. – № 4. – С. 157–161.

 

Joop de Boer. Which Architect Is Winning The 3D Printing Rat Race? / Joop de Boer // Pop-Up City. – 2014. – 1 July. – Available at: http://popupcity.net/which-architect-is-winning-the-3d-printing-rat-race/.



Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.