Methods for achievment of energy efficiency targets: Analysis of experience in the EU

D. Palekhov, M. V. Kizilova

Abstract


Purpose. The purpose of the presented research is to discuss the key directions for the reformation of energy management in support of sustainable development policy implementation under conditions of transitional economy. In accordance with this aim the following objectives were formulated: 1) to analyse the experience of the EU and European countries, which have implemented the energy efficiency concept; 2) to identify the main methods for the implementation of energy efficiency concept in a transitional economy; 3) to suggest conceptual approaches for balancing targets of energy saving and economic growth in Ukraine.

Methodology. The main arguments in the article are developed by analysing scientific papers on the issue of energy efficiency in the context of sustainable development, through comparative analysis of statistics in the area of energy consumption, energy efficiency and economic growth in various regions and countries, and by analysing experience of different countries in this field, Germany in particular.

Conclusions. This article analyses the relationship between energy intensity and GDP growth, reviews the contemporary model for energy efficiency in the EU and studies differences between energy policies in various regions and the EU. The system approach allows to identify the main methods and measures that ensure the effectiveness of energy policy in Germany, which can be considered as useful for Ukraine.

Originality. The study reviewed and analysed the main methods and measures that ensure the effectiveness of energy policy in Germany, including the domains of regulatory policy, funding, market instruments.

Practical value. The proposed system of methods and measures may be useful for the planning of actions towards strengthening the capacity of energy efficiency in the conditions of the transition economy.


Keywords


energy efficiency management; energy saving; sustainable development; New European Energy Policy; energy trilemma; energy efficiency indicators

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References


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